Coal-fired electricity generation drops by 31% in India as country's CO₂ emissions decline for first time in more than 40 years

May 28, 2020
Owning the Energy Transition
Average importance

As the country of 1.4 billion went under a national lockdown, energy demand inevitably decreased, just as in the rest of the world. Coal consumption was impacted the most, decreasing more than 30% compared to 2019 during the three-month period. Other forms of energy, however, remained fairly consistent with pre-COVID rates, with hydropower, wind and solar, and natural gas closely tracking 2019 consumption rates as nuclear increased by more than 30% to offset coal. This trend is not unique to India, as U.S. coal generation also decreased during this period. However unlike the U.S., India is still drastically expanding its generation capacity, and nuclear remains a key component of its planned electricity mix, with plans to add 20 GW by 2030.

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