The low-carbon fuels industry has matured and been fairly set in its ways for several decades. However, the introduction of new conversion technologies is bringing the industry to the cusp of a tipping point set to alter the future landscape as new processes target the production of low-carbon fuels. While first-generation biofuels will remain the pillars of the industry, a stronger focus and regulatory shift from sheer volumes and blending mandates towards carbon-centric policies will enable the emergence of a new generation of low-carbon fuels offering better performance and a lower carbon profile. There are seven major categories of low-carbon fuels – biodiesel, bio-CNG/LNG, bio-electricity, drop-in fuels, ethanol, gasoline/diesel, and renewable hydrogen. In this report, we use the Lux Innovation Grid (LIG) to assess companies in our database within each category. We also highlight key technology developers to watch for in the next two years.