Taking the C out of Steam

December 23, 2018 | Research Report

In the global quest to reduce and even eliminate carbon dioxide emissions, there are already clear solutions for the built environment and mobility. However, the energy needs of industry are much more complicated to cater to without emitting carbon dioxide. This report identifies and compares future technologies to generate carbon-neutral steam, which is one of the most prevalent types of energy in industry.


  • Chemicals
  • CPG
  • Government & Non-Profit
  • Industrials
  • Oil and Gas
  • Utilities

Table of Contents

  • Executive Summary
  • The Need for Carbon-Neutral Steam
    Steam is the energy carrier that triggered the industrial revolution, and today, it still constitutes one-third of industrial energy use and a quarter of CO2 emissions. Drop-in solutions for medium-temperature steam are attractive for reducing CO2 emissions because the manufacturing processes that use them can then remain unaltered. This report investigates the possible technology options from micro- and macroeconomic perspectives.
  • Predicting Future Performance of New Technology
    Lux has much data on individual technology developments. To model the future performance of a technology, we looked at all this data, picked representative high-performing developers, and assessed the potential performance of their technology.
  • Electrolysis and Gasification are Promising Options
    Out of 18 identified technology options, we analyzed five in detail. The analysis shows that all of them are viable options to develop. Based on the merits of the technology, electrolysis and gasification are promising options; heat pumps are potentially the most attractive option but will require a high degree of process integration. However, a full analysis, including the effects of policy, must be performed to make the final selection. This chapter provides the input needed for the policy analysis.
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix: The Sensitivity of the Scaling Rules
    We look at the sensitivity of the extrapolation of the technology for the scaling rules to see how our assumptions affect the results.

Lead Analyst

Senior Vice President, Group Director


About Lux Research

Lux Research is a leading provider of tech-enabled research and advisory solutions, helping clients drive growth through technology innovation. A pioneer in the research industry, Lux uniquely combines technical expertise and business insights with a proprietary intelligence platform, using advanced analytics and data science to surface true leading indicators. With quality data derived from primary research, fact-based analysis, and opinions that challenge traditional thinking, Lux clients are empowered to make more informed decisions today to ensure future success.

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