Nuclear energy holds vast promise for low-emission power production, but faces existential challenges from alternative energy sources, decommissioning and safety concerns, and poor project construction outcomes. A new generation of reactor designs promises to solve the industry’s woes and expand nuclear energy’s market beyond simply power production. However, Lux’s analysis finds the future of nuclear will remain firmly tied to government financial support and the power sector, with little to suggest nuclear will find a new home in directly decarbonizing industry. Yet, as electrification grows across transportation and industry and renewable power capacity expands in the 2030s and beyond, nuclear may garner revitalized interest. Whether the industry can overcome its own barriers and those of politics and public opinion to meet this potential interest remain critical, if unanswered questions.